1st April,Happy Utkal Divas or Odisha Day

On 1st April, Utkal Divas or The Odisha Day is celebrated allover Odisha.The day signifies the separation of Orissa/Odisha as a separate state and also to remember the contributions and sacrifices of  the  people of Orissa/Odisha  in those days.The day is celebrated not only in Odisha but also by every Odia across the globe.

Notably, on April 1, 1936, Orissa was formed and to commemorate the contributions and sacrifices made by the people of Odisha in those days, Utkal Divas, also known as Orissa Day, is celebrated across the state.

It is believed that Orissa was given a status of separate linguistic state due to the efforts of Utkala Gaurav Madhusudan Das, Utkalamani Gopabandhu Das, Maharaja Shri Ramachandra Bhanjadeo, Maharaja Shri Krushna Chandra Gajapati, Raja Baikunthanath Dey, Fakir Mohan Senapati, Gangadhar Meher, and Gourishankar Ray. Later, the state was divided into 13 districts and then 30 districts.

Greeting from Mr Prime Minister :

Screenshot_20170401_220558

Why is Utkal Day celebrated?

In the ancient times, Orissa was the centre of Kalinga kingdom, although it was temporarily conquered (250 B.C.) by King Asoka and Maurya held it for nearly a century. As the Kalinga kingdom declined, many Hindu dynasties arose and built temples at Bhubaneswar, Puri, and Konarak. Later in the year 1958, Afghan invaders passed the state to the Mughal empire. After the fall of the Mughals, Orissa was divided between the Nawabs of Bengal and the Marathas. In 1803, the British conquered Orissa.

In the year 1912, the coastal section was separated from Bengal and made into the province of Bihar and Orissa. Later in 1936 on April 1, the new province of Odisha was formed after a battle of nearly 350 years.

On November 9, 2010, Parliament of India renamed Orissa as Odisha and Oriya language as Odia.


Bande Utkal Janani Song


BANDE UTKALA-JANANI,
CHARU-HASAMAYI CHARU-BHASAMAYI,
JANANI ! JANANI ! JANANI ॥

PUTA-PAYODHI-BIDHYOTA-SHARIRA,
TALATAMALA-SUSOBHITA-TIRA,
SHUBHRA-TATINIKULA-SHIKARA-SHAMIRA,
JANANI ! JANANI ! JANANI ॥

GHANA-BANA-BHUMI-RAJITA-ANGE,
NILA-BHUDH-ARAMALA SAJE TARANGE,
KALAKALA-MUKHARITA-CHARU-BIHANGE,
JANANI ! JANANI ! JANANI ॥

SUNDARASHALI-SUSOBHITA-KSHETRA,
JNANA-BIJNANA-PRADARSHITA-NETRA,
JOGI-RSHIGANA-UTAJA-PABITRA,
JANANI ! JANANI ! JANANI ॥

SUNDARA-MANDIRA-MANDITA-DESHA,
CHARU-KALABALI-SHOBHITA-BESHA,
PUNYA-TIRTHACHAYA-PURNA-PRADESHA,
JANANI ! JANANI ! JANANI ॥

UTKALA-SURABARA-DARPITA-GEHA,
ARIKULA-SHONITA-CHARCHITA-DEHA,
BISWA-BHUMANDALA-KRTABAR-SNEHA,
JANANI ! JANANI ! JANANI ॥

KABIKULAMAULI-SUNANDANA-BANDYA,
BHUBANA-BIGHOSHITA-KIRTI-ANINDYA,
DHANYE! PUNYE! CHIRA SHARANYE !
JANANI! JANANI! JANANI॥

— Kantakabi Laxmikanta Mohapatra


Bande Utkala Janani  is an Odia patriotic poem written by Kantakabi Laxmikanta Mohapatra. When Odisha/Orissa became independent on 1 April 1936, this poem was made the state anthem of Odisha . The song describes the love of every Odia towards his/her motherland Odisha.

 

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